رابطه ی مدل پنج عاملی شخصیت و پیشرفت تحصیلی:یک پژوهش فراتحلیل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی،دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان،تبریز،یران

2 استاد روانشناسی تربیتی،دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان،تبریز،ایران

10.22034/naes.2024.433434.1361

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر این است تا با بهره گیری از روش فراتحلیل به ترکیب نتایج کمی حاصل از پژوهش های مختلف در مورد رابطه ی مدل پنج عاملی شخصیت با پیشرفت تحصیلی بپردازد. برای نیل به این هدف در پژوهش حاضر از یافته های کمی36پژوهش استفاده شده است، که از این مطالعات 167 اندازه اثر محاسبه گردید. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کلیه مقالات موجود در بانک اطلاعتی اس آی دی، ایرانداک ،مگیران است. بعد از بررسی ملاک های ورود و خروج، شاخصهای آماری منتخب با نرم افزارCMA ویرایش 2 تحلیل شدند.تحلیل اطلاعات حاصل از پژوهش ها نشان داد که میانگین اندازه اثر کلی پژوهش های مورد بررسی برای مدل اثرات ثابت11/0و برای مدل اثرات تصادفی 12/0است. همچنین روابط موجود میان مولفه های مدل پنج عاملی شخصیت(برونگرایی،روان رنجورخویی،گشودگی به تجربه،سازگاری،وظیفه مداری) با پیشرفت تحصیلی به ترتیب مقادیر 11/0 ،13/0- ، 15/0 ، 18/0 ،27/0 حاصل گردید. با توجه به ناهمگونی اندازه های اثر ،جنس و نوع نمونه مورد استفاده در پژوهش ها به عنوان متغیرهای تعدیل کننده بررسی شدند.نتایج نشان داد که اندازه اثر رابطه مدل پنج عاملی شخصیت با عملکرد تحصیلی در پژوهش هایی که آزمودنی دختر برای پژوهش استفاده شده، نسبت به سایر پژوهش ها بیشتر است. همچنین اندازه اثر رابطه این دو متغیر در پژوهش هایی که از دانش آموزان و دانشجویان به عنوان نمونه استفاده گردید یکسان به دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between the five-factor model of personality and academic achievement: a meta-analytic study

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoud baghbani 1
  • javad mesrabadi 2
1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Madani University of Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran
2 Professor of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Madani University of Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study is to use the meta-analysis method to combine the quantitative results of various studies on the relationship between the five-factor model of personality and academic achievement. In order to achieve this goal, in the present study, the findings of 36 quantitative studies were used, from which 167 effect sizes were calculated. The statistical population of this research is all the articles available in SID database, Irandoc, Mogiran. After checking the entry and exit criteria, the selected statistical indicators were analyzed with CMA version 2 software. The analysis of the data from the researches showed that the average effect size of the studied researches is 0.11 for the fixed effects model and 0.12 for the random effects model. . Also, the existing relationships between the components of the five-factor model of personality (extroversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, adaptability, task orientation) with academic progress are 0.11, -0.13, 0.15, 0.18, and 27. 0 was obtained. Due to the heterogeneity of the effect sizes, gender and the type of sample used in the researches were examined as moderating variables. The results showed that the effect size of the relationship between the five-factor model of personality and academic performance in the researches where female subjects were used for the research. It is more than other researches. Also, the effect size of the relationship between these two variables was found to be the same in studies that used students as samples.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Five-factor model of personality
  • academic achievement
  • meta-analysis
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