بررسی رابطه نشخوارفکری و کمال‌گرایی با نقش میانجی تنظیم شناختی هیجان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی،دانشگاه آزاد ، تهران - ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور

3 استادیار گروه بهداشت عمومی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، کرمانشاه - ایران

10.22034/naes.2023.425383.1347

چکیده

امروزه دانش‌آموزان و نوجوانان در دوره‌های حساس رشدی خود با مشکلاتی مواجهه می‌شوند. تفسیر و مواجهه با افکار و احساسات در موقعیت‌های چالش برانگیز می‌تواند مشکلاتی به‌وجود آورد. در همین راستا پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه نشخوارفکری و کمال‌گرایی با نقش میانجی تنظیم شناختی هیجان در بین دانش‌آموزان، انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر کلیه دانش‌آموزان دوره متوسطه اول شهر کرمانشاه در سال تحصیلی 1402-1401 بود. به این منظور تعداد 320 نفر از دانش‌آموزان با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ایی انتخاب و با پرسش‌نامه‌های، نشخوارفکری نولن‌هوکسما(1991)، تنظیم هیجان گارنفسکی و کرایج(2001) و کمال‌گرایی هیل(2004)، مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. پس از گرد‌آوری داده‌ها، مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری برای آزمون مدل پیشنهادی و فرضیه‌ها مورد استفاده قرارگرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مدل ارائه شده از برازش مطلوبی برخوردار است و نشخوارفکری با نقش میانجی تنظیم شناختی‌هیجان بر کمال‌گرایی دانش‌آموزان تاثیر می‌گذارد. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که نشخوارفکری در کاهش کمال‌گرایی، نشخوارفکری در کاهش تنظیم شناختی هیجان، تنظیم شناختی هیجان در بهبود کمال‌گرایی و در نهایت نشخوارفکری با نقش میانجی تنظیم شناختی هیجان بر کمال‌گرایی تاثیر معنادار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the relationship between rumination and perfectionism with the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Prasto Irshadhi 1
  • alireza merati 2
  • Noshin Salimi 3
1 Master's degree in clinical psychology, Azad University, Tehran - Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah - Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, students and teenagers face problems in their critical periods of development. Interpreting and dealing with thoughts and feelings in challenging situations can cause problems. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between rumination and perfectionism with the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation among students. The statistical population of the present study was all the students of the first secondary school in Kermanshah city in the academic year 2022-2023. For this purpose, 320 students were selected by cluster sampling method and with questionnaires, Nolen Hoeksma's rumination (1991), Garnevsky and Kraij's emotion regulation (2001) and Hill's perfectionism (2004). ), were evaluated. After collecting the data, structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model and hypotheses. The results showed that the presented model has a favorable fit and rumination with the mediating role of cognitive-emotional regulation affects students' perfectionism. The findings show that rumination in reducing perfectionism, rumination in reducing cognitive regulation of emotion, cognitive regulation of emotion in improving perfectionism, and finally rumination has a significant effect on perfectionism with the mediating role of cognitive regulation of emotion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • rumination
  • perfectionism
  • emotion regulation
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