مروری بر مفهوم شناسی دلبستگی، سبک های دلبستگی و ماهیت پذیرش اجتماعی

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسنده

دکتری تخصصی روان شناسی عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ابهر

10.22034/naes.2024.435084.1364

چکیده

نظریه دلبستگی بر روابط و پیوندها (به ویژه بلندمدت) بین افراد، از جمله روابط بین والدین و فرزند و بین شرکای عاشقانه تمرکز دارد. در دوران اولیه کودکی، این سبک های دلبستگی بر نحوه تعامل کودکان و والدین متمرکز است. در بزرگسالی، از سبک های دلبستگی برای توصیف الگوهای دلبستگی در روابط عاشقانه استفاده می شود. سبک های دلبستگی اولیه ما در دوران کودکی از طریق رابطه نوزاد/مراقب ایجاد می شود. علاوه بر این، بالبی معتقد بود که دلبستگی دارای یک جزء تکاملی است و به بقا کمک می کند. مفهوم سبک‌های دلبستگی، نظریه و تحقیقات دلبستگی را که در دهه‌های 1960 و 1970 ظهور کرد، رشد داد. بالبی معتقد بود که چهار ویژگی متمایز برای دلبستگی وجود دارد: حفظ نزدیکی: تمایل به نزدیک بودن به افرادی که به آنها وابسته هستیم. پناهگاه امن: بازگشت به شکل دلبستگی برای راحتی و امنیت در مواجهه با ترس یا تهدید. پایه امنیت: شکل دلبستگی به عنوان یک پایگاه امنیتی عمل می کند که کودک می تواند محیط اطراف را کشف کند. اضطراب جدایی: اضطرابی که در غیاب شکل دلبستگی رخ می دهد. همچنین منظور از پذیرش اجتماعی، درک فرد از جامعه با توجه به خصوصیات سایر افراد است. پذیرش اجتماعی شامل پذیرش تکثر با دیگران، اعتماد به خوب بودن ذاتی دیگران و نگاه مثبت به ماهیت انسانها است که همگی آنها باعث میشوند فرد درکنار سایر اعضای جامعه انسانی، احساس راحتی کند. در این پژوهش، به مروری بر مفهوم شناسی دلبستگی، سبک های دلبستگی و ماهیت پذیرش اجتماعی خواهیم پرداخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An overview of the concept of attachment, attachment styles and the nature of social acceptance

نویسنده [English]

  • Soghra Ashkani
Ph.D. in General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Abhar Branch,
چکیده [English]

Attachment theory focuses on relationships and bonds (especially long-term) between people, including relationships between parents and children and between romantic partners. In early childhood, these attachment styles focus on how children and parents interact. In adulthood, attachment styles are used to describe attachment patterns in romantic relationships. Our early attachment styles are developed in childhood through the infant/caregiver relationship. In addition, Balbi believed that attachment has an evolutionary component and contributes to survival. The concept of attachment styles gave rise to attachment theory and research that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s. Bowlby believed that there are four distinct characteristics of attachment: Sustaining closeness: the desire to be close to the people we are attached to. Safe haven: Returning to an attachment figure for comfort and security in the face of fear or threat. Base of security: The form of attachment acts as a base of security from which the child can explore the surrounding environment. Separation anxiety: anxiety that occurs in the absence of a form of attachment. Also, the meaning of social acceptance is a person's understanding of the society according to the characteristics of other people. Social acceptance includes acceptance of pluralism with others, trust in the inherent goodness of others and a positive view of human nature, all of which make a person feel comfortable with other members of human society. In this research, we will review the concept of attachment, attachment styles and the nature of social acceptance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attachment styles
  • secure attachment
  • insecure attachment
  • social acceptance
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