بررسی تأثیر ابعاد هوش معنوی بر فرسودگی شغلی معلمان متوسطه شهرستان بهبهان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مرودشت

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر ابعاد هوش معنوی بر فرسودگی شغلی معلمان صورت گرفته است.روش پژوهش توصیفی-همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش همه ی معلمان دبیرستان های (450=N) شهرستان بهبهان(ایران) بود. حجم نمونه پژوهش (208=n) از طریق جدول مورگان مشخص و به روش نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای از جامعه آماری مورد پژوهش انتخاب شد. جهت گردآوری داده ها از پرسشنامه فرسودگی مسلاچ(2002)، پرسشنامه هوش معنوی سهرابی و ناصری (1388) استفاده شد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل از رگرسیون خطی ساده و چند متغیره استفاده شد. تحلیل داده ها نشان داد که میزان همبستگی بین متغیّر هوش معنوی و فرسودگی شغلی منفی و معنادار می باشد (-0/430). و 18 درصد از تغییرات متغیّر فرسودگی شغلی توسط متغیّر هوش معنوی پوشش داده می شود. همچنین تحلیل داده ها نشان داد که از چهار بعد هوش معنوی،بعد خودآگاهی متعالی با (05/0 , p < 285/0- = β)، بیشترین توان پیش بینی فرسودگی شغلی، پس از آن بعد شکیبایی با(05/0 , p < 186/0- = β)، در رده دوم توان پیش بینی کنندگی قرار دارد و دو بعد بخشش با (05/0 , p > 088/0- = β)، تجارب معنوی با (05/0 , p > 057/0- = β) توان پیش بینی کنندگی فرسودگی شغلی را نداشتند.نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان می دهد که با افزایش هوش معنوی معلمان، فرسودگی شغلی آنها کاهش می یابد، بنابراین مسئولان آموزش و پرورش جهت کاهش فرسودگی شغلی معلمان لازم است به تقویت هوش معنوی آنها بپردازند.
کلید واژه ها: فرسودگی شغلی، هوش معنوی، معلمان،آموزش و پرورش،ایران

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting High School Teachers' Burnout Based on the Dimensions of spiritual intelligence in Behbahan City

نویسنده [English]

  • Fazel Ahmadineek
Azad University, Marvdasht ;Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study aimed to predict the burnout of teachers based on the dimensions of spiritual intelligence.
Method: Research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included all high school teachers of Behbahan city (N=450). Sample size (n=208) was determined using Morgan table and the sample was selected using stratified random sampling method. Maslach Burnout Inventory (2002) and Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire Sohrabi and Naseri (2009) were used for data collection. Simple linear and multivariate regression was used for data collection.
Findings: Data analysis showed that there is a reverse and significant correlation between Spiritual Intelligence and burnout and 18% of the variance of burnout variable is covered by the variable of the Spiritual Intelligence. Data analysis also showed that of the four dimensions of Spiritual Intelligence, the component of Transcendental Consciousness with (β= -0/285 ,p <0/05) is the most capable component predicting burnout and after that, the component of patience with (β= -0/186 ,p <0/05) is in the second place and the two dimensions of Mercy(Forgiveness) with (β= -0/088 ,p <0/05) and Spiritual experiences with (β= -0/057 ,p <0/05) were not able to predict burnout.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that by increasing teachers' Spiritual Intelligence, their burnout reduces. Therefore, educational authorities are required to strengthen teachers' Spiritual Intelligence to reduce their burnout.
Keywords: Burnout, Spiritual Intelligence, teachers

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • burnout
  • Spiritual intelligence
  • Teachers
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