مطالعه تجربه زیسته معلمان، والدین و متخصصان، از چالش‌های حاکم بر جلسات انجمن اولیا و مربیان و ارائه راهکارها

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه آموزش علوم تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

2 گروه آموزش ابتدایی، فرهنگیان علامه طباطبایی، اردبیل، ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اردبیل

4 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

10.22034/naes.2024.449333.1377

چکیده

هدف پژوهش، مطالعه تجارب زیسته معلمان، والدین و متخصصان، پیرامون چالش‌های حاکم بر جلسات انجمن اولیا و مربیان و ارائه راهکارها است. در این پژوهش از روش کیفی و از نوع پدیدارشناسی استفاده شد. مصاحبه ‌شوندگان پژوهش، شامل همه معلمان، والدین و متخصصان شهر اردبیل در سال‌تحصیلی 1401 -1402 بودند. برای انتخاب شرکت‌کنندگان، از نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و تا حد اشباع استفاده شد و 21نفر معلم، 16 نفر والد و 19 نفر متخصصان انتخاب گردید. داده‌ها با استفاده از مصاحبه و با سوالات باز و نیمه‌ساختاریافته جمع‌آوری شد. تعیین روایی و پایایی مصاحبه‌ها، از طریق تکنیک تثلیث یا مثلث سازی، تکنیک کنترل اعضاء، تکنیک کسب اطلاعات دقیق موازی و خودبازبینی محققان صورت گرفت. در مصاحبه با معلمان، اکثریت آنها به وجود چالش‌ها در جلسات انجمن اولیا و مربیان تاکید و راهکارهایی را برای آن ارائه دادند. والدین نیز برای این جلسات چالش‌ها و راهکارهایی را برشمردند و در نهایت متخصصان بعد از تبیین دلایل تشکیل یا عدم تشکیل جلسات اولیا و مربیان و مباحث و موضوعات و محتوای لازم جهت ارائه در این جلسات، جهت اجرای مطلوب جلسات به ذکر شیوه‌ها و ملزوماتی همچون به‌کارگیری وسائل الکترونیکی، ملزومات بحث و گفتگو در جلسه، آداب شرکت در جلسات و به کارگیری امکانات لازم پرداختند و در پایان برای غلبه بر مشکلات و چالش‌های موجود، پیشنهاداتی همچون تبیین مسائل برای اولیا، سازوکارهای مناسب زمانی، پرورش انگیزش در اولیا و مربیان، شرایط مناسب در جلسات و تعامل اعضای انجمن با یکدیگر ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying the lived experience of teachers, parents and professionals, from the challenges governing the meetings of the Parents and Teachers Association and providing solutions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kamal Nosrati Heshi 1
  • Morteza Golshani gehraz 2
  • Roghayeh Vejdan 3
  • Hamidreza Dehghan 4
1 Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran
2 Primary education group, Allameh Tabatabai educators, Ardabil, Iran.
3 MA, of Curriculum Planning, Ardabil branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the research is to study the lived experiences of teachers, parents and professionals regarding the challenges governing the parent-teacher association meetings and to provide solutions. Qualitative and phenomenological methods were used in this research. The interviewees of the research included all teachers, parents and specialists of Ardabil city in the academic year of 2022-2023. To select the participants, targeted and saturation sampling was used and 21 teachers, 16 parents and 19 specialists were selected. Data were collected using interviews with open and semi-structured questions. Validity and reliability of interviews were determined through triangulation technique, member control technique, parallel accurate information acquisition technique and researchers' self-review. In the interview with the teachers, the majority of them emphasized and provided solutions to the challenges in the parent-teacher association meetings. The parents also listed the challenges and solutions for these meetings and finally, after explaining the reasons for holding or not holding parent-teacher meetings and the topics and content required to be presented in these meetings, for the proper implementation of the meetings, the experts introduced methods and requirements such as the use of electronic devices, the requirements for discussions in the meeting, the manners of participating in the meetings, and the use of the necessary facilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • lived experience
  • association of parents and teachers
  • challenges
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