بررسی و ارزیابی وضعیت خودکارآمدی تحصیلی با تکنیک مطلوبیت(مطالعه موردی دانشگاه علوم و فنون مازندران)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم و فنون مازندران

2 دانشیار،گروه مدیریت‏آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد‏ساری، ساری، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحدساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

10.22034/naes.2023.427290.1349

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: خودکارآمدی تحصیلی مجموعه‏ای از باورهای فردی در مورد شایستگی تحصیلی، پشتکار و انگیزه است که نشان دهنده اعتماد فرد به توانایی خود برای انجام تکالیف تحصیلی است. خودکارآمدی تحصیلی می‌تواند تأثیر بسزایی در موفقیت تحصیلی دانشجویان و پیشرفت نظام آموزشی داشته باشد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی و ارزیابی وضعیت خودکارآمدی تحصیلی با تکنیک مطلوبیت تحصیلی انجام شده است.

روش پژوهش: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی- پیمایشی بوده است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان شاغل در دانشگاه علوم و فنون مازندران در نیمسال اول سال تحصیلی ۱۴۰۲-۱۴۰۱، که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای (بر اساس مقطع)،) به تعداد ۳۳۵ نفر انتخاب شدند. به‎ منظور گردآوری داده‎ها از پرسشنامه استاندارد خودکارآمدی ‌تحصیلی استفاده شده است. جهت تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌‏های کولموگروف – اسمیرنوف، یومن ویتنی و ویلکاکسون به کمک نرم‌افزار SPSS21 استفاده شده است.

یافته ‏ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که خودکارآمدی تحصیلی دانشجویان در وضعیت نسبتاً مطلوب می‏باشد. همچنین بین خودکارآمدی تحصیلی دانشجویان با متغیرهای جنسیت، سن، مقطع تحصیلی تفاوت معناداری در سطح اطمینان 95 درصد وجود دارد. اما بین خودکارآمدی تحصیلی دانشجویان با متغیر ترم تحصیلی تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان داد که خودکارآمدی تحصیلی دانشجویان در وضعیت نسبتاً مطلوب می‌باشد.

نتیجه‏ گیری :‏ مدیران و برنامه‌ریزان دانشگاه علوم و فنون مازندران بایستی تشکیل کارگاه‌ها و دوره‌های آموزشی، ایجاد محیطی حمایت‌گرانه، توجه به کارهای جمعی، گروهی و تیمی بین دانشجویان، تورهای علمی و تفریحی جهت تقویت خود‏کارآمدی دانشجویان را مورد توجه قرار دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating and evaluating the state of academic self-efficacy with the desirability technique (a case study of Mazandaran University of Science and Technology)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Ghasemi Godarzi 1
  • Maryam Taghvaee Yazdi 2
  • Shaban Heydari 3
1 Mazandaran University of Science and Technology
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and purpose: academic self-efficacy is a set of individual beliefs about academic competence. perseverance and motivation. which shows the individual's confidence in his ability to complete academic assignments. Academic self-efficacy can have a significant impact on the academic success of students and the progress of the educational system. The current research was conducted with the aim of investigating and evaluating the state of academic self-efficacy with the academic desirability technique.

Research method: The current research was descriptive-survey. The statistical population includes all students working in Mazandaran University of Science and Technology in the first semester of the academic year 1402-1401. who were selected by stratified random sampling method in the number of 335 people. In order to collect data. a standard educational self-efficacy questionnaire was used. To analyze the data. Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Yeoman-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used with the help of SPSS21 software.

Results: showed that the academic self-efficacy of students is relatively favorable. Also. there is a significant difference between the academic self-efficacy of students with the variables of gender. age. educational level at the 95% confidence level. However. there is no significant difference between students' academic self-efficacy and academic semester variable. The findings of this research showed that the academic self-efficacy of students is relatively favorable.

Conclusion: Managers and planners of Mazandaran University of Science and Technology should consider organizing workshops and training courses. creating a supportive environment. paying attention to collective. group and team work among students. scientific and recreational tours to strengthen students' self-efficacy

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • academic self-efficacy
  • assessment
  • utility technique
  • students
[1] Safari M, Sanai Nasbah, Rashidi Jahan H, Portaghi, G, Pakpourhaji Agha A. happiness Self-efficacy and academic progress in students. Development of Education in Medical Sciences, 2013; 7(13): 22-29. [Persian]
[2] Yadak SMA. The impact of the perceived self- efficacy on the academic adjustment among Qassim University Undergraduates. Open Journal of Social Sciences. 2017; 5: 157-174
[3] Moll K, Göbel SM, Gooch D, Landerl K, Snowling MJ. Cognitive risk factors for specific learning disorder: processing speed. temporal processing. and working memory. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 2016; 49(3): 272-281.
[4] Bandura A. Toward a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2006; 1(2): 164-180
[5] Fathi J, Derakhshan A. The effect of strategy-based instruction on writing self-efficacy and writing anxiety of Iranian EFL learners. Language and Translation Studies. 2018; 51(4): 139-161.
[6] Shi Y, Peng C, Yang HH, MacLeod J. Examining interactive whiteboard-based instruction on the academic self-efficacy. academic press and achievement of college students. Open Learning. 2018; 33(2): 115-130.
[7] Tagvai Yazdi M, Astana R. investigating the effect of teaching metacognitive strategies on the academic self-efficacy of the first year students of the second year of Noorabad secondary school. the third national conference of cognitive educational psychology. 2018. [Persian]
[8] Khodapanah F, Tamnaifar M. The role of happiness and academic self-efficacy in relation to self-compassion and academic well-being. Journal of Psychological Sciences, 2022; 21 (118): 2067-2090 [Persian]
[9] Naimi A, Ashofteh SMH, Talebi Ray. Examining the relationship between academic self-efficacy and the similarity of self-perception and critical thinking in students. Culture of counseling and psychotherapy, 2016; 7(26): 1-20 [Persian]
[10] Bandura A. Toward a psychology of human agency: Pathways and reflections. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2018; 13(2): 130–136.
[11] Li L, GAO H, Xu Y. The mediating and buffering effect of academic self-efficacy on the relationship between smartphone addiction and academic procrastination. Computers & Education. 2020; 159. 104001. 
[12] Abood MH, Alharbi BH, Mhaidat F, Gazo AM. The Relationship between Personality Traits. Academic Self-Efficacy and Academic Adaptation among University Students in Jordan. International Journal of Higher Education. 2020; 9 (3): 120-128
[13] Viskarami H, Mirdrikvand F, Ghareweisi S, Soleimani M. The relationship between academic self-efficacy and academic vitality: the mediating role of basic psychological needs. Scientific Journal of education and evaluation (quarterly). 2018; 12 (47): 141-158 [Persian]
[14] Shen CX. Does school-related Internet Information seeking improve academic self-efficacy? The moderating role of internet information seeking styles. Computers in Human Behavior. 2018; 86: 91-98.
[15] Stubbs NS, Maynard DMB. Academic self-efficacy. school engagement and family functioning. among postsecondary students in the Caribbean. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2017; 26(3): 792-799.
[16] Ion IE, Lupu R, Nicolae E. Academic achievement and professional aspirations: between the impacts of family. self-efficacy and school counselling. Journal of Family Studies. 2022; 28(2): 587-610.
[17] Rahmawati A, Wirza Y. Indonesian EFL teacher’s self-efficacy and online classroom management during COVID-19 pandemic. The Journal of English Literacy Education: The Teaching and Learning of English as a Foreign Language. 2022; 9(1): 36-51.
[18] Yada A, Björn PM, Savolainen P, Kyttälä M, Aro M, Savolainen H. Preservice teachers’ self-efficacy in implementing inclusive practices and resilience in Finland. Teaching and Teacher Education. 2021; 105: 103- 398.
[19] Jung KR, Zhou AQ, Lee RM. Self-efficacy. self-discipline and academic performance: Testing a context-specific mediation model. Learn Individ Differ. 2017; 60: 33-39
[20] Tamnaifar M, Arbabi Ghahrodi F. The relationship of self-regulation and self-efficacy with students' academic vitality: the role of mediators of academic resilience, Journal of Educational Psychology Studies. 2022. [Persian]
[21] Mirzaei Alawijeh M, Hosseini SN, Mutlaq MA, Jalilian F. Academic self-efficacy and its relationship with academic fields in students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Scientific Journal of researchers, 2016; 16(2):28-34 [Persian]
[22] Yekani M, Khan Mohammadi A, Abbasi Esfajir A. Modeling the political relationships of academic vitality on cognitive creativity with the mediating role of academic self-efficacy of Tehran Azad University students. Innovation and creativity in humanities. 2022. [Persian]
[23] Yazdani F, Hossein Chari M, Jokar B, Sheikhul Islami R. University culture and lifelong orientation with academic self-efficacy. Journal of Education Studies and Review. 2022; 14 (1): 47-66. [Persian]
[24] Kaviani GH, Alipour Birgani S, Shahni Yilaq M, Rajabi A. Testing and comparing the causal relationship model of personality traits with quality of life and academic performance with the mediation of academic self-efficacy and emotion regulation in students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Psychological Methods and Models, 2018; 10(35): 88-99 [Persian]
[25] Azfendak K, Azad Abdullapour M. The relationship between academic optimism and academic self-efficacy with academic engagement in students. Journal of Sociology of Education. 2017.
[26] Sayadi M, Vahhabi A, Sayad S, Kashefi H, Vahhabi B. Investigating the relationship between family community and students' academic self-efficacy in Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. Quarterly Journal of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, 2016; 3(1): 31-42 [Persian]
[27] Jamali M, Nowrozi A, Tahmasabi R. Factors affecting academic self-efficacy and its relationship with academic success in students of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journal of Education in Medical Sciences, 2012; 13 (8): 641-629 [Persian]
[28] Khaliq Khah A, Najafi H. Factors on students' self-efficacy. Roish Psychology, 7th year of March 2017, 2017; 12 (33). [Persian]
[29] Wahhabi B, Wahhabi A, Sayad S, Sayadi M, Roshni D, Haji Sahneh S. Investigating the self-efficacy status of students of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences and Azad Islamic University of Sandaj. Quarterly Journal of nursing, midwifery and paramedicine. 2016; 3 (1): 43-52 [Persian]
[30] Asghari. F. Saadat. S. Atefi Karajvandani. S. Janalizadeh Kokaneh. S. The Relationship between Academic Self-Efficacy and Psychological Well-Being. Family Cohesion. and Spiritual Health among Students of Kharazmi University. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2014; 14 (7):584-539. [Persian]
[31] Quaid Rahmati M, Asadi M, Shir Alipour A. Comparison of male and female learners in meta-analysis of self-efficacy. Scientific Journal of Education and Evaluation (Quarterly), 2012; 6(22): 87-97. [Persian]
[32] D’Alonzo. KT. Stevenson. JS. Davis. SE. Outcomes of a program to enhance exercise selfefficacy and improve fitness in Black and Hispanic college-age women. Res Nurs Health, ‏2004; 27(5):357-369.
[33] Ornes LL. Ransdell LB. A Pilot Study Examining Exercise Self-Efficacy as a Mediator. 2010