بررسی اثر بخشی آموزش کوچینگ بر بهزیستی روانشناختی و فرسودگی شغلی پرستاران مراقبت‌دهنده کرونا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی صنعتی سازمانی دانشگاه ازاد واحدالکترونیک تهران

2 دانشیارگروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه ازاداسلامی واحدرودهن تهران ایران

3 استادیاردانشگاه ازاداسلامی واحدالکترونیک تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به دنبال بررسی تأثیر آموزش کوچینگ بر بهزیستی روانشناختی و فرسودگی شغلی پرستاران شاغل در بخش بیماران مبتلا به کرونا است. چارچوب نظری تحقیق ملهم از مدل سه عاملی مسلاچ و رویکرد ریف به بهزیستی روانشناختی بود. روش تحقیق در این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی و ابزار جمع آوری داده‌ها نیز پرسشنامه فرسودگی شغلی مسلاچ و پرسشنامه بهزیستی روانشناختی ریف بود. اعتبار ابزار با روش صوری و پایایی آن با آلفای کرونباخ محرز گردید. حجم نمونه آماری پژوهش ، 30 نفر از پرستاران بودند که به صورت هدفمند از جامعه آماری (بیمارستان شهیدصدوقی یزد پذیرنده بیماران کرونایی) گزینش شدند و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 15 نفر) به شیوه تصادفی جایگزین شدند. از آمار توصیفی برای محاسبة میانگین و انحراف معیار متغیرهای پژوهش و نشان دادن فراوانی و نمودارهای مربوط به آن استفاده شد و از آمار استنباطی، به منظور بررسی فرضیه‌ها استفاده گردید. قبل از آزمودن فرضیه‌ها، مفروضة همگنی واریانس‌ها از طریق آزمون لوین در تمام متغیرهای دو گروه بررسی گردید. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش کوچینگ بر بهزیستی روانشناختی پرستاران اثربخش است (P<0.05) همچنین آموزش کوچینگ بر فرسودگی شغلی پرستاران اثربخش است (P<0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

effectiveness of coaching training on burnout and psychological well-being among nurses working in patients with covid-19

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamideh dehghani bazag abadi 1
  • hassan shahrakipor 2
  • ghanbarali delfan azari 3
1 دانشجو
2 education department azad Islamic university rudehen branch Tehran Iran
3 azad Islamic university electronic branch Tehran Iran
چکیده [English]

This study seeks to investigate the effect of coaching training on burnout and psychological well-being among nurses working in patients with covid-19. The theoretical framework of the research was inspired by Maslash three-factor model and different approaches to psychological well-being. The research method in this research was quasi-experimental and the data collection tool was Maslash burnout questionnaire and Reef psychological well-being questionnaire. The validity of the instrument was confirmed by the face method and its reliability by Cronbach's alpha. The statistical sample size of the study according to the quasi-experimental research method was 30 nurses who were purposefully selected from the statistical population (shahid sadoughi hospitalof yazd accepting covid-19). Thirty selected nurses, who were screened among other nurses with research questionnaires, were selected and randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups (15 in each group). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation of research variables and show the frequency and related graphs, and inferential statistics were used to test the hypotheses. Before testing the hypotheses, the assumption of homogeneity of variances was tested by Levin test in all variables of the two groups. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze inferential statistics data. The results showed that coaching training is effective on nurses' psychological well-being (P <0.05). Coaching training is effective on nurses' burnout (P <0.05).



Keywords: coaching training, burnout, psychological well-being, nurses, Covid 19.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • coaching training
  • burnout
  • psychological well-being
  • nurses
  • Covid 19
[1] Findik UY. Operating room nurses' burnout and safety applications. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 2015;8(3): 610.
[2] Waldron HA. Occupational health practice. Butterworth-Heinemann.World Health Organization. 2013. 
[3] Nogee D, Tomassoni AJ. Covid-19 and the N95 respirator shortage: Closing the gap. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 2020; 41(8): 958-958.
[4] Li L, Wan C, Ding R, Liu Y, Chen J, Wu Z. Mental distress among Liberian medical staff working at the China Ebola Treatment Unit: a cross sectional study. Health and quality of life outcomes, 2015;13(1): 1-6.
[5] Dehghan Neiri N, Tagavi T, Shali M. Ethical challenges in the care of emerging diseases: a systematic review, Journal of Bioethics, 2016; 7(26): 85-96 [Persian]
[6] Hugill K, Sullivan J, Ezpeleta ML. Team coaching and rounding as a framework to enhance organizational wellbeing, & team performance. Journal of Neonatal Nursing, 2018;24(3): 148-153.
[7] Kohi K. Explaining the effect of social capital, psychological capital, organizational climate and job history on job burnout, case study: faculty members of Tabriz University, Applied Sociology, 2019; 31 (2): 77-94 [Persian]
[8] Kanani Azari N, Rezaei Dizgah M, Guderzvand Chegini M, Rezaei Kilidbari H. A meta-combination of burnout studies among nurses, Organizational Behavior Studies, 2019; 9 (4): 158-125. [Persian]
[9] Lee HF, Kuo CC, Chien TW, Wang YR. A meta-analysis of the effects of coping strategies on reducing nurse burnout. Applied nursing research, 2016; 31:100- 110.
[10] Ramirez-Baena L, Ortega-Campos E, Gomez-Urquiza JL, la Fuente-Solana D, Emilia I. A multicentre study of burnout prevalence and related psychological variables in medical area hospital nurses. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2019; 8(1): 92.
[11] Ryff CD. Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 1989; 57(6): 1069.
[12] Firouzabadi S, Moltfat Q. Examining the psychometric indicators of RIF psychological well-being scale in high school students of gifted schools: reliability, validity and factor structure, Educational Measurement Quarterly, 2016; 7(27): 119-103. [Persian]
[13] Mouzeh Sh. Comparison of psychological well-being and defense mechanisms in mothers of mentally retarded and deaf children, master's thesis, Arsanjan Azad University. 2018.  [Persian]
[14] Starr J. Coaching: brilliant coaching, translated by Alireza Sohrabi, Tehran: Hormuzd. 2019. [Persian]
[15] Jafari A, Dizaj K. Investigating the quality of coaching in the educational activities of faculty members at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Master's thesis, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Tabriz University. 2016. [Persian]
[16] Buckley R, Caple J. The theory and practice of training. Kogan Page Publishers. 2009.
[17] Talebi M, Timuri H. Effectiveness of online training based on acceptance and commitment therapy on psychological distress and resilience of nurses affected by Corona, Nursing Education Journal, 2022; 11(2): 1-11 [Persian]
[18] Rastegar A, Alikerami S, Jabari A. The effect of managerial coaching on the intention to leave the job of nurses working in the wards of corona patients: the mediating role of job enthusiasm and self-efficacy (case study: nurses of a military hospital), Journal of Military Medicine, 2021; 23 (6): 517-508 [Persian]
[19] Rastjoo S, Zandavanian A. Predicting burnout of female nurses based on effort-reward balance and positive psychology components, Occupational Medicine Quarterly, 2021; 13(2):29-39 [Persian]
[20] Hazaveh Z, Seyed Fatemi N, Mardani Hamouleh M, Abbasi Z, Haqqani S, Qoljah M. The effect of resilience-based training on nurses' burnout: a quasi-experimental study. Iranian Journal of Nursing, 2019; 33 (128): 112-100 [Persian]
[21] Adibi Z, Ansari Shahidi M, Rah Nejat A, Rezaei Jamaloui H. the effectiveness of cognitive therapy based on mindfulness on occupational stress and psychological well-being in employees with job burnout of Isfahan City Gas Company, Nurse and Physician in Razm, 2019; 8(27):78-70 [Persian]
[22] Pachi A, Sikaras C, Ilias I, Panagiotou A., Zyga S, Tsironi M. Burnout, Depression and Sense of Coherence in Nurses during the Pandemic Crisis. In Healthcare . Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2022; 10(1):1-134.
[23] Xu, X, Manzoor F, Jiang S, Mumtaz A. Unpacking the mental health of nurses during COVID-19: evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2021; 10(16): 1-3546.
[24] Jang Y, You M, Lee H, Lee M, Lee Y, Han JO, Oh JH. Burnout and peritraumatic distress of healthcare workers in the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC public health, 2021; 21(1): 1-9.
[25] Solms L, Van Vianen A, Koen J, Theeboom T, De Pagter AP, De Hoog M.  Turning the tide: a quasi-experimental study on a coaching intervention to reduce burn-out symptoms and foster personal resources among medical residents and specialists in the Netherlands. BMJ open, 2021;11(1): e041708.
[26] Barcons C, García B, Sarri C, Rodríguez E, Cunillera O, Parellada N, Torrubia R. Effectiveness of a multimodal training programme to improve general practitioners’ burnout, job satisfaction and psychological well-being. BMC family practice, 2019; 20(1): 1-12.
[27] Nelson K, Boudrias JS, Brunet L, Morin D, De Civita M, Savoie A, Alderson M. Authentic leadership and psychological well-being at work of nurses: The mediating role of work climate at the individual level of analysis. Burnout Research, 2014; 1(2): 90-101.