اثر بخشی واقعیت درمانی گروهی بر شادکامی و کنترل خشم زنان سرپرست خانوارکمیته امداد تبریز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب،تهران ،ایران

2 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ایران، تهران

3 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد تهران غرب ،تهران، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر با نام اثر بخشی واقعیت درمانی گروهی بر شادکامی و کنترل خشم زنان سرپرست خانوار کمیته امداد تبریز و با هدف سنجش تاثیر این روش درمانی بر افزایش شادکامی و کنترل خشم اجرا گردید. روش تحقیق در این مطالعه از نوع نیمه آزمایشی بود که با استفاده از طرح پیش آزمون و پس آزمون با گروه کنترل عملی گردید. جامعه آماری در این مطالعه 120 نفر از زنانی بودند که سرپرست خانوار بودند و از بین آنان 30 نفر در قالب نمونه آماری با توجه به نمرات پیش آزمون انتخاب و در دوگروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین تصادفی شدند. جهت به دست آوردن داده های لازم مقیاس شادکامی آکسفورد نسخه 1989 و پرسشنامه خشم ویلیامز و همکاران نسخه 1996 استفاده شد. داده های به دست آمده به روش کوواریانس و با استفاده از بسته آماری spss24 تحلیل گردید. نتایج نشان داد که واقعیت درمانی گروهی با 95 درصد اطمینان باعث کاهش معنی‌دار میزان خشم در بین زنان سرپرست خانواده گردید؛ هم چنین این نتیجه به دست آمد که واقعیت درمانی گروهی با 99 درصد اطمینان باعث افزایش معنی‌دار میزان شادکامی زنان سرپرست خانواده گردید. بر این اساس نتیجه گیری می‌شود که برای افزایش شادکامی و کاهش میزان خشم زنان می توان از این روش درمانی بهره‌برداری لازم به عمل آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy on Happiness and Anger Control in Female Head of Tabriz Amdad Committee

نویسندگان [English]

  • vahidh Alipur Notash 1
  • Hassan Amari 2
  • parenaz banisi 3
1 M.Sc. Islamic Azad University West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Iran, Tehran
3 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study titled the Effect of Group Reality therapy on Happiness and Control of Anger among Female Wives of the Tabriz Relief Committee, aimed at measuring the effect of this therapeutic approach on increasing happiness and anger control. The research method used in this study was a semi-experimental study that was carried out using a pre-test and post-test design with control group. The statistical population of this study was 120 women who were the head of household. Among them, 30 were selected according to pre-test scores and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. To obtain the data, the Oxford Happiness Scale of 1989 and the Anger Questionnaire of Williams et al. 1996 were used. The data were analyzed using covariance method and analyzed using SPSS 24. The results showed that the group's reality therapy with 95% confidence reduced the amount of anger among the female head of the family; it was also concluded that the group's reality therapy with 99% confidence increased the amount of women's happiness Became the head of the family. Accordingly, it is concluded that in order to increase happiness and reduce the amount of anger in women, this treatment method can be used.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Group reality therapy
  • Happiness
  • Anger
  • female head of household
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