اثربخشی آموزش مهارت مدیریت استرس بر سرمایه های روانشناختی، تاب آوری و مهارت های اجتماعی در مادران دارای فرزند بیش فعال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب ، تهران ، ایران

2 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد تهران غرب ،تهران، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب

10.22034/naes.2022.331713.1178

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش اثربخشی آموزش مهارت مدیریت استرس بر سرمایه های روانشناختی، تاب آوری و مهارت های اجتماعی در مادران دارای فرزند بیش فعال بود. جامعة آماری این پژوهش را کلیة مادران کودکان بیش فعال مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره منطقه 1 و 2 شهر تهران در سال 1400 تشکیل داد که در نیمسال دوم سال 1400 به این مراکز مراجعه کردند که تعداد آنها برابر با 750 نفر بود. نمونه آماری پژوهش طبق روش تحقیق نیمه آزمایشی، 30 نفر از مادران کودکان بیش فعال بود که به صورت تصادفی ساده از جامعه آماری گزینش شد. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات شامل خلاصه ای از پروتکل آموزشی مهارت مدیریت استرس،پرسشنامة سرمایه روانشناختی لوتانز (2007)، تاب آوری کانر و دیویدسون (1979) و مهارت های اجتماعی کوئین دام (2004) بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده های جمع آوری شده از طریق نرم افزار SPSS22 انجام شد. در این تحقیق از آمار توصیفی برای محاسبه میانگین و انحراف معیار متغیرهای تحقیق و نشان دادن فراوانی و نمودارهای مربوط به آن استفاده شد و از آمار استنباطی به منظور بررسی فرضیه های تحقیق استفاده گردید. قبل از آزمودن فرضیه‌ها، مفروضه‌ نرمال بودن توزیع داده‌ها از طریق آزمون کولموگروف-اسمیرنف انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش مهارت مدیریت استرس بر سرمایه های روانشناختی، تاب آوری و مهارت های اجتماعی در مادران دارای فرزند بیش فعال اثربخش است. با توجه به شدت اثر، آموزش مهارت مدیریت استرس بر تاب آوری مادران دارای فرزند بیش فعال تاثیر بیشتری نسبت به سرمایه های روانشناختی و مهارت های اجتماعی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of stress management skills training on psychological capital, resilience and social skills in mothers with hyperactive children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marzieh Afshar 1
  • parenaz banisi 2
  • seaside zomorrody 3
1 Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of stress management skills training on psychological capital, resilience and social skills in mothers with hyperactive children. The statistical population of this study consisted of all mothers of hyperactive children who referred to counseling centers in districts 1 and 2 of Tehran in 1400, who referred to these centers in the second half of 1400, whose number was equal to 750 people. Statistical sample According to the quasi-experimental research method, 30 mothers of hyperactive children were randomly selected from the statistical population. Data collection tools included a summary of the stress management skills training protocol, the Lutans (2007) Psychological Capital Questionnaire, Connor & Davidson (1979) Resilience Questionnaire, and Queen Dam (2004) Social Skills. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS22 software. In this research, descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation of research variables and show the frequency and related graphs, and inferential statistics were used to test the research hypotheses. Before testing the hypotheses, the hypothesis of normality of data distribution was performed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. The results showed that stress management skills training is effective on psychological capital, resilience and social skills in mothers with hyperactive children. Due to the severity of the effect, stress management skills training has a greater impact on the resilience of mothers with hyperactive children than psychological capital and social skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • Resilience
  • stress management social skills
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