اثربخشی آموزش ذهن آگاهی بر سبک زندگی، مدیریت خشم و شفقت به خود در دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران غرب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب ، تهران ، ایران.

2 استادیار، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، واحد تهران غرب ،تهران، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب

10.22034/naes.2022.331704.1177

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش اثربخشی آموزش ذهن آگاهی بر سبک زندگی، مدیریت خشم و شفقت به خود در دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران غرب بود. پژوهش حاضر، از جمله طرح های نیمه آزمایشی، به صورت پیش آزمون – پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود . جامعة آماری در پژوهش حاضر، شامل کلیة دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران غرب بودند. در این پژوهش نیز تعداد 30 نفر از دانشجویان را که تمام ملاک های ورود را داشته باشند، به صورت تصادفی ساده انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها شامل پرسشنامۀ سبک زندگی والکر و همکاران (1987)، شدت خشم نسلون (2000)، خودشفقت ورزی نف (2003) و خلاصة پروتکل آموزش ذهن آگاهی بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده های جمع آوری شده، به دو روش توصیفی و استنباطی از طریق نرم افزار SPSS21 انجام شد. در این تحقیق از آمار توصیفی برای محاسبه میانگین و انحراف معیار متغیرهای تحقیق و نشان دادن فراوانی و نمودارهای مربوط به آن استفاده شد و از آمار استنباطی به منظور بررسی فرضیه های تحقیق استفاده گردید. قبل از آزمودن فرضیه‌ها، مفروضه‌ نرمال بودن توزیع داده‌ها از طریق آزمون کولموگروف-اسمیرنف انجام شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده های آمار استنباطی از تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش ذهن آگاهی بر سبک زندگی، مدیریت خشم و شفقت به خود در دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران غرب اثربخش است. با توجه به شدت اثر، آموزش ذهن آگاهی بر سبک زندگی تاثیر بیشتری نسبت به مدیریت خشم و شفقت به خود دانشجویان دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of mindfulness training on lifestyle, anger management and self-compassion in students of West Tehran University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Ghanaeian 1
  • parenaz banisi 2
  • seaside zomorrody 3
1 Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was the effectiveness of mindfulness training on lifestyle, anger management and self-compassion in students of West Tehran University. The present study, including quasi-experimental designs, was a pretest-posttest with a control group. The statistical population in the present study included all students of Azad University, West Tehran Branch. In this study, 30 students who met all the entry criteria were randomly selected and replaced in two experimental and control groups. Data collection tools included the Walker et al.'s (1987) lifestyle questionnaire, Nelson's anger intensity (2000), Neff self-compassion (2003), and a summary of the mindfulness training protocol. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential methods through SPSS21 software. In this research, descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation of research variables and show the frequency and related graphs, and inferential statistics were used to test the research hypotheses. Before testing the hypotheses, the hypothesis of normality of data distribution was performed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to analyze inferential statistics data. The results showed that mindfulness training is effective on lifestyle, anger management and self-compassion in students of Tehran West University. Due to the severity of the effect, mindfulness training has a greater impact on students' lifestyle than anger management and compassion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness
  • Lifestyle
  • Anger Management
  • self-compassion
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