مقایسه استرس ادراک شده، آسایش ذهنی و تاب آوری در بین والدین کودکان اتیسم، کم توان ذهنی و فزون کنش

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد الکترونیکی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22034/naes.2022.327055.1170

چکیده

مقدمه: اکثر والدین به هنگام تشخیص اختلال فرزندان خود، دچار واکنش انکار و سردرگمی شده و طیف گسترده ای از هیجانات از قبیل خشم، غمگینی، گریه و سوگ را نشان می دهند.
هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه استرس ادراک شده، آسایش ذهنی و تاب آوری در بین والدین کودکان اتیسم، کم توان ذهنی و فزون کنش انجام شد.
روش: روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی، علی_ مقایسه بود. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی مادران دارای فرزند عصب تحولی (اتیسم، کم توان ذهنی و بیش فعال) شهر تهران بود. که از این میان تعداد 210 مادر به شیوه نمونه گیری طبقه ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه استرس ادراک شده کوهن، تاب آوری کونور و دیویدسون و آسایش روانشناختی ریف بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری spss نسخه 24 انجام شد.
یافته ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که بین استرس ادراک شده، تاب آوری و آسایش روانشناختی، در والدین کودکان اتیسم، کم توان ذهنی و بیش فعال تفاوت معنادار وجود داشت (05/0>p). استرس ادراک شده در والدین دارای کودک اتیسم بیشتر است، آسایش روانشناختی در والدین دارای فرزند بیش فعال بیشتر بوده و تاب آوری در والدین دارای کم توانی ذهنی بیشتر است.
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به این یافته ها داشتن کودک مبتلا به اختلال اتیسم، کم توان ذهنی و بیش فعال، می تواند بر تاب‌آوری، ادراک از استرس و آسایش روانشناختی تاثیر بگذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of perceived stress, mental comfort and resilience among parents of children with autism, mental retardation and hyperactivity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sharareh shams 1
  • keyvan kakabaraee 2
1 Master of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Islamic Azad University, Electronic Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Most parents react to denial and confusion when their children are diagnosed with the disorder and show a wide range of emotions such as anger, sadness, crying and grief.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare perceived stress, mental comfort and resilience among parents of children with autism, mental retardation and hyperactivity.

Method: The method of the present study was descriptive, causal-comparative. The statistical population included all mothers with children with developmental neurosis (autism, mental retardation and hyperactivity) in Tehran. Of these, 210 mothers were selected by stratified sampling. The research instruments were Cohen Perceived Stress Questionnaire, Connor and Davidson Resilience and Reef Psychological Comfort Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 24.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between perceived stress, resilience and psychological comfort in parents of children with autism, mental retardation and hyperactivity (p<0.05). Perceived stress is higher in parents with autistic children, psychological comfort is higher in parents with hyperactive children, and resilience is higher in parents with mental retardation.

Conclusion: According to these findings, having a child with autism, mental retardation and hyperactivity, can affect resilience, perception of stress and psychological comfort.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mental comfort
  • Resilience
  • Perceived stress
  • transformational nerve
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