مقایسه مولفه های هوش هیجانی بر اساس جنسیت و رشته تحصیلی و ارتباط آن با عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان

2 رشته برنامه ریزی درسی، هیأت علمی دانشگاه اصفهان

10.22034/naes.2022.328400.1173

چکیده

مقدمه: از مهم‌ترین مسائل برای متولیان تعلیم و تربیت؛ به‌خصوص مسؤولان نظام آموزش عالی، عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان است. افراد با موفقیت در تحصیل به موقعیت و جایگاهی دست می‌یابند که از حداکثر نیروی درونی و بیرونی خود در راستای اهداف آموزشی و تربیتی استفاده نموده، شرایط لازم را برای زندگی اجتماعی موفق کسب می‌کنند.
هدف: هدف این پژوهش بررسی و مقایسه مولفه های هوش هیجانی بر اساس جنسیت و رشته تحصیلی در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان می باشد. هدف دیگر این پژوهش تاثیر مؤلفه‌های هوش هیجانی بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان است.
روش: روش پژوهش توصیفی-همبستگی و جامعه آماری کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399 بود. حجم نمونه 180 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی است که به شیوه‌ی تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شده‌اند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از نرم افزار SPSS20 وبا بهره‌گیری از تکنیک‌های مرتبط آماری استفاده شده است.
یافته‌ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد بین میانگین مؤلفه‌های هوش هیجانی دانشجویان علوم پزشکی برحسب رشته‌ی تحصیلی و جنسیت تفاوت معنی‌دار وجود ندارد. همچنین نتایج پژوهش نشان داده که خوش‌بینی سهم عمده‌ای در عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: از طریق فراهم کردن زمینه اعتماد، حمایت و همکاری بین دانشجویان می‌تواند همدلی و شعور اجتماعی را در بین دانشجویان، که از مؤلفه‌های هوش هیجانی است، افزایش دهد که به تبع آن کیفیت زندگی افزایش پیدا خواهد یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study and Comparison of Emotional Intelligence Components Based on Gender and Field of Study and its Relationship with Academic Performance of Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Qasem Nozari 1
  • Mohammad Javad Liaghatdar 2
1 Master of Educational Planning, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Isfahan University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the most important issues for those in charge of education; Especially the officials of the higher education system is the academic performance of the students. Successful people in education achieve a position and position that use their maximum internal and external force in line with educational goals and acquire the necessary conditions for a successful social life.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the components of emotional intelligence based on gender and field of study in students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Another purpose of this study is the effect of emotional intelligence components on academic performance of students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.

Method: The research method was descriptive-correlation and the statistical population was all students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 1399-1400. The sample size is 180 students of the University of Medical Sciences who have been randomly selected by class. The SPSS20 software was used to analyze the data using statistically related techniques.

Results: The results showed that there is no significant difference between the mean components of emotional intelligence of medical students in terms of field of study and gender. The results also show that optimism has a major role in students' academic performance.

Conclusion: By providing trust, support and cooperation among students, it can increase empathy and social awareness among students, which is a component of emotional intelligence, which in turn will increase the quality of life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional intelligence
  • Gender
  • Field of Study
  • Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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