بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش وتعهد بر عملکرد تحصیلی و اضطراب امتحان دانش آموزان دختر دوره اول متوسطه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روانشناسی اسلامی مثبت گرا/دانشگاه آزاد خمینی شهر/اصفهان/ایران

2 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی اسلامی گرایش مثبت گرا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینی شهر، اصفهان

3 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینی شهر، اصفهان

10.22034/naes.2021.315512.1160

چکیده

مقدمه: یکی از اساسی ترین مشکلات برخی از دانش اموزان داشتن اضطراب می باشد و اگر این اضطراب و نگرانی از حد عادی خود تجاوز کند، باعث ناتوانی و ضعف در عملکرد تحصیلی دانش آموز می شود.
هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر تاثیر آموزش درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر عملکرد تحصیلی و اضطراب امتحان دانش‌آموزان دختر دوره اول متوسطه بود.
روش: پژوهش حاضر نیمه تجربی و به صورت پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری شامل دانش‌آموزان دختر دوره اول متوسطه می باشد که نمونه ی آماری شامل 30 نفر از دانش‌آموزانی که دارای عملکرد تحصیلی پایین و اضطراب امتحان بالا بودند، بود که به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش(15نفر) و کنترل(15نفر) قرار گرفتند. ابزار مورد استفاده پرسشنامه های اضطراب امتحان ساراسون(1957) و عملکرد تحصیلی فام وتیلور(1999) بود. پس از انجام پیش‌آزمون، بر گروه آزمایش درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش تعهد در 8 جلسه‌ی 90دقیقه انجام گردید سپس از هر دو گروه پس‌آزمون گرفته شد. داده های جمع آوری شده با نرم افزار 28SPSS و با استفاده از آمار توصیفی میانگین و انحراف داده ها توصیف و سپس مفروضه ها با روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس و کوواریانس چندمتغیره تحلیل شده است.
یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که آموزش درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر عملکرد تحصیلی و اضطراب امتحان دانش‌آموزان دختر دوره اول تاثیر گذار بوده است .
نتیجه گیری: درمانگران میتوانند از این رویکرد درمانی جهت بهبود عملکرد تحصیلی و اضطراب امتحان دانش آموزان استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment-based therapy on academic performance and exam anxiety of female high school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • azam yazdani 1
  • majedeh mehri 2
  • safa elahi najaf abadi 3
1 Positive Islamic Psychology / Khomeini Shahr Azad University / Isfahan / Iran
2 Master student of Islamic-Positive Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Isfahan
3 Master student of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Isfahan
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the most basic problems of some students is having anxiety and if this anxiety and worry exceeds its normal level, it will cause disability and weakness in the student's academic performance.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy based on academic performance and test anxiety of female high school students.

Method: The present study was quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest with a control group. The statistical population included female students in the first year of high school. The statistical sample consisted of 30 students with low academic performance and high test anxiety, who were randomly selected and randomly divided into two groups of experimental (n = 15) and control. (15 people) were included. The instruments used were Sarason (1957) test anxiety questionnaire and Pham Taylor (1999) academic performance questionnaire. After the pretest, the experimental group underwent commitment-based treatment in 8 sessions of 90 minutes, then both groups were retested. The collected data were described by SPSS 28 software using descriptive statistics of mean and data deviation and then the assumptions were analyzed by statistical methods of analysis of covariance and multivariate covariance.

Results: The results showed that acceptance and commitment-based therapy training had an effect on academic performance and test anxiety of female first year students.

Conclusion: Therapists can use this therapeutic approach to improve students' academic performance and test anxiety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Academic performance
  • Exam Anxiety
  • Students
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