شناسایی و رتبه بندی عوامل مؤثر بر گسترش فرهنگ پژوهش در دانش آموزان ابتدایی از دیدگاه مدیران و معلمان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد رشته برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشگاه پیام نور،ایران

10.22034/naes.2021.296435.1141

چکیده

هدف تحقیق شناسایی و رتبه بندی عوامل مؤثر بر گسترش فرهنگ پژوهش در دانش آموزان ابتدایی از دیدگاه مدیران و معلمان است. پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی از نوع توصیفی-پیمایشی است. جامعه مدیران و معلمان مدارس ابتدایی شهرستان سرخس هستند. با مطالعه مبانی نظری 22 مولفه استخراج شد و جهت سنجش روایی صوری و محتوا در اختیار خبرگان قرار گرفت؛ پس ازاطمینان از روایی اولیه 22 مولفه موجود در قالب پرسشنامه‌ای مبتنی بر طیف لیکرت به منظور سنجش روایی سازه (تحلیل عاملی تاییدی) و پایایی(آلفای کرونباخ) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت، روایی سازه تاییدو مقدارآلفای کرونباخ 0.864 می باشد که بیانگر پایایی مطلوب است. سپس درخت سلسله مراتبی تصمیم‌گیری برای مساله تحقیق تهیه و22 مولفه تایید شده درقالب 4 مولفه اصلی با استفاده از پرسشنامه مقایسات زوجی در اختیار نمونه‌ای در دسترس از معلمان و مدیران به حجم 60 نفر قرار گرفت. داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار expertchoice وSPSS با تکنیک تحلیل سلسله مراتبی تحلیل و عوامل اصلی و مولفه ها وزن‌دهی و رتبه‌بندی شد. بعد از آزمایش نسبت سازگاری، نظرات ادغام شده و یافته ها نشان داد از دیدگاه مدیران و معلمان عامل معلم به ترتیب با ضریب اهمیت 444/0 و 299/0 دارای بیشترین اهمیت بوده همچنین از دیدگاه مدیران عامل سیاستگذاری (145/0) از دیدگاه معلمان عامل ساختار (209/0) از کمترین ضریب اهمیت برخورداربود. با توجه به اینکه عامل معلم از دیدگاه معلمان و مدیران بیشترین اهمیت را در فرهنگ پژوهش داراست لذا فرصتهایی برای اشنایی بیشتر معلمان با پژوهشگری در دوره های ضمن خدمت در نظر گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and ranking the factors affecting the development of research culture in elementary students from the perspective of principals and teachers

نویسندگان [English]

  • talat sabbagh hasanzadeh 1
  • seyyedeakram hosseni 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Payame Noor University, Iran
2 MD of Curriculum Planning, Payame Noor University, Iran
چکیده [English]

The world is facing vast changes, these changes are affecting all areas of human life with increasing speed. In this changing world, taking a step towards progress in a way that guarantees the worthy position of Iran as a leading country in the field of scientific revolution, depends more than anything on research, research and development. Realizing this necessity, the present study was conducted with the aim of identifying and ranking the factors affecting the development of research culture in elementary students from the perspective of principals and teachers. First, the effective factors on the development of research culture in primary education were identified based on theoretical foundations and previous studies, then the opinions of experts in this field were obtained. In this regard, the research method was used in terms of applied purpose and in terms of survey method and nature. The statistical population of the research is the principals and teachers of primary schools in Sarakhs city. To determine the sample size in this study, the snowball method, which is one of the non-probability sampling methods, was used and 60 principals and teachers participated in the study. Data collection was done in the form of library and field with the help of a researcher-made questionnaire. SPSS and expertchoice software were used to analyze descriptive and analytical information. The results showed that from the perspective of principals and teachers, the teacher is the most important factor in creating and developing a culture of research in primary education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • research culture
  • Ranking
  • Identification
[1] Nasiri zarandi Z, Aliakbari N. How could we strengthen the culture of study and research among the sixth graders of Esmat Garmab School? Journal of New Achievements in Humanities Studies, 2020; 3(23): 29-39.
[2] Wong AM. Driving Forces of Master Teachers’ Research Capability: Towards Building a Research Culture in the Division of Romblon, Philippines. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, 2019; 3(7): 92-97.
[3] Barroso CJ, Egar MM. Development and Validation of a Research Culture Index in the Academe. Asia Pacific Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2017; 14: 16-16.
[4] Khalili F, Rajaee Y. Investigating the major obstacles and problems of research in the Islamic Azad University, Abhar Branch and providing appropriate solutions. Management Sciences, 2007; 6: 79-116.
[5]. Daryapour E, Dartaj F, Abbaspour A, Saadipour I. Factors affecting the development of research culture in primary education. School Psychology, 2020; 9(1): 30-53.
[6]. Pahang N, Mahdiun R, Yarigholi B. Assessing the quality of schools and identifying the factors affecting it: Combined research. School Management, 2017; 1: 173-193.
[7]. Nobahar N, Nobahar M, Hamidi M. Investigation of research barriers and challenges in university from the perspective of faculty members of Kermanshah city. IAU International Journal of Social Sciences, 2014; 4(4): 15-21.
[8]. Hashemi N. Develop a conceptual and operational model to create interest and motivation for research in students of the University of Law Enforcement Sciences. Educational Psychology, 2011; 23(8): 43-60.
[9]. Salmanzadeh Mamghani D, Kardan Halvaei J, Yasinzadeh M. Investigating the research motivation factors of male and female high school and middle school students in Azarshahr and Mamqan regions from the perspective of teachers and students. First National Conference on Educational Sciences and Psychology, 2014; Knowledge Reference.
[10]. Abbasi A. Modeling of research-oriented school and its experimental test using structural equation modeling by partial least squares method in schools of Mazandaran province. Socio-Cultural Development Studies, 2015; 4(3):157-182.
[11]. Ganji T, Boroumand Nasab M. Investigating the effective factors on the tendency of sixth grade elementary students to research from the perspective of teachers in Dehloran city in the academic year of 95/94. 2nd International Conference on New Research in Management, Economics and Humanities. 2015.
[12]. Vahdati M, Mazloumi S, Salimi T, Iqbal A. Investigating the barriers to conducting educational research in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd in 2013. Yazd Center for the Study and Development of Medical Sciences, 2014; 2(15): 33-40.
[13]. Keup JR, Walker AA, Astin HS, Lindholm JA. Organizational Culture and Institutional Transformation. ERIC Diges, 2001; Washington DC.
[14]. Mlitwa NB. Enhancing Research Culture & Experiences of Academic Staff & PG Students in a Comprehensive University environment-a case of the University of Zululand. Proceedings of the 9th ICERI Conference, 14th-16th November 2016, Seville, Spain.
[15]. Pickton M. Facilitating a research culture in an academic library: Top down and bottom up approaches. New Library World, 2016; 105-127.
[16]. Budsankom P, Sawangboon T, Damrongpanit S, Chuensirimongkol J. Factors affecting higher order thinking skills of students: A meta-analytic structural equation modeling study. Educational Research and Reviews, 2015; 10(19): 2639-2652.
[17]. Hanover R. Building a culture of research: Recommended practices. Retrieved from http://www.hanoveresearch.com/media on Janaury 15, 2021.
[18]. Bland CJ, Ruffin MT. Characteristics of a productive research environment: literature review. Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 1992; 67(6): 385-397.