تاثیرآموزش مهارت تفکرنقاد برسازش یافتگی وتاب آوری دانش آموزان پایه ششم

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموزشی،واحدبروجرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،بروجرد،ایران.

2 گروه مدیریت آموزشی،واحدبروجرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،بروجرد،ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی،واحدبروجرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،بروجرد،ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی،واحدبروجرد،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،بروجرد،ایران

10.22034/naes.2021.281155.1117

چکیده

این پژوهش باهدف مطالعه تاثیرآموزش مهارت تفکرنقاد برسازش یافتگی وتاب آوری دانش آموزان پسرپایه ششم انجام شد.روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی وازنوع طرح گروه کنترل نابرابربود.جامعه آماری دراین پژوهش دانش آموزان پسرپایه ششم یکی ازدبستان های بروجرددرسال تحصیلی 99-1398به تعداد102نفربودندکه ازمیان آنها38 نفرباروش نمونه گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند.برای اندازه گیری متغیرهادرپیش آزمون وپس آزمون ازپرسشنامه سازش‌یافتگی(دخانچی وهمکاران،1387)،ﭘرﺳﺷﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺎب آوری ﻛاﻧرودﻳوﻳدﺳـون (٢٠٠٣)وپرسشنامه مهارتهای زندگی،(مولفه تفکرنقاد)(ساعتچی وهمکاران 1389)استفاده شد،که جهت بررسی پایایی آنهاازآزمون آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شدوضرایب آن‌ها به ترتیب84/0، 79/0 و 80/0 به دست آمد.روایی پرسش نامه هاتوسط اساتیدعلوم تربیتی‌موردبررسی وتاییدواقع شد.براساس طرح مذکوربرای گروه آزمایش پس پیش آزمون،پنج جلسه آموزش مهارت تفکرنقاد بااستفاده ازبسته آموزشی (ورنون وفیروزبخت،1395)استفاده شد.داده‌های جمع آوری شده پس ازنرمال سنجی بااستفاده ازآزمون رگرسیون تحلیل شدند.یافته های این پژوهش نشان داد:آموزش مهارت تفکرنقاد برافزایش سازش‌یافتگی وتاب آوری دانش آموزان پسرپایه ششم مؤثراست.باتوجه به یافته های این تحقیق،نتیجه گرفته می شودکه آموزش مهارت تفکرنقاد می تواندسطح سازگاری وتاب آوری دانش آموزان پسرپایه ششم راافزایش دهد. (05/0 >p)

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Critical thinkingtraining on the adaptability and resilience of sixth grade students

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad abdoli 1
  • Shahram Shahbazi 2
  • Mohammad Jafar Mahdian 3
  • Zahra abdoli 4
1 Graduate of Master of Educational Management, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran
2 ProfessorThe right to teach, Department of Educational Management, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran.
4 Graduate of Master of General Psychology, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Critical thinkingtraining on the adjustment and Resiliency of sixth grade male students.
Method: The research method was quasi-experimental with unequal control group design.
The statistical population of this study was 102 sixth grade male students in one of the primary schools in Boroujerd in the academic year of 2020, of which 38 were selected using random sampling method.
To measure the variables in pre-test and post-test, a compromise questionnaire (Dokhanchi et al., 2008) and resilience scale questionnaire (2003Connor& Davidson) and life skills
questionnaire "Component of Critical Thinking" (Saatchi et al. 2010) were used. Cronbach 's alpha test was used to evaluate their reliability and their coefficients were 0.84, 0.79 and 0.80, respectively. The validity of the questionnaires was reviewed and approved by the professors of educational sciences.
According to the plan, for the experimental group, after the pre-test, five training sessions were used using the life skills training package (Vernon and Firoozbakht, 2016).
Data were analyzed using analysis of regression.
Results: The results of this study showed that Critical thinkingtraining is effective in increasing adaptation and resilience of sixth grade male students.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the study, it is concluded that teaching Critical thinkingcan increase the level of adaptation and resilience of sixth grade male students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Critical thinking Training
  • boy students
  • Adjustment
  • resiliency
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