بررسی رابطه امید به زندگی با هراس و ترس از ویروس کرونا در بین افراد شاغل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی رودهن، رودهن، ایران.

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ساوه، ساوه، ایران.

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی ارتباط بین امید به زندگی با هراس و ترس از ویروس کرونا در بین افراد شاغل بود. جامعه آماری شامل افراد شاغل و در حال تحصیل در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد الکترونیکی در سال 1399 و نمونه آماری شامل 270 نفر فرد شاغل بوده که به شیوه در دسترس انتخاب شدند. یافته های پژوهش نشان داد امید به زندگی با هراس و ترس از ابتلا به ویروس کرونا رابطه معنادار اما معکوس داشته به این معنا که با افزایش ترس و هراس از ابتلا به کووید-19؛ امید به زندگی کاهش می‌یابد. به طور کلی، مطابق یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر بیماری همه‌گیر کووید-19 می‌تواند به طور جدی بر امید به زندگی تأثیر بگذارد. ادامه نظارت بر روند امید به زندگی در ایران و در سراسر جهان شواهد ارزشمندی در مورد تأثیر کل بیماری همه‌گیر بر مرگ و میر ارائه می‌دهد. علاوه بر این با توجه به اینکه داده‌ها تنها در پیک سوم جمع‌آوری شده و برای پژوهشگران امکان جمع‌آوری نمونه در پیک‌های اول و دوم وجود نداشته است لذا امکان مقایسه سطوح امید به زندگی در طی سه پیک میسر نبوده است از این رو پیشنهاد می‌شود در پژوهش‌های آتی این مقایسه انجام پذیرد. بنابراین این برآوردها را می‌توان محافظه کارانه در نظر گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship Life Expectancy and Fear of Corona Virus among Working People

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Yekta 1
  • Sadigheh Heydari 2
  • Shakib Lajmiri 3
1 M.Sc. Student of Family Counseling, Department of Counseling, Islamic Azad University of Roodehen, Roodehen, Iran.
2 Department of psychology, Islamic Azad university of Saveh
3 ]Islamic Azad university of Ahwaz
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between life expectancy and fear of Corona virus among employed people. The statistical population included employed and studying people in Islamic Azad University, electronic unit in 2020 and the statistical sample included 270 employed people who were selected by convenience sampling method. Findings showed that life expectancy was significantly but inversely related to fear of coronavirus in the sense that with increased fear of Covid-19; Life expectancy decreases. In general, according to the findings of the present study, the epidemic of Covid-19 can seriously affect life expectancy. Continued monitoring of life expectancy in Iran and around the world provides valuable evidence on the impact of the overall epidemic on mortality. In addition, due to the fact that the data were collected only in the third peak and it was not possible for researchers to collect samples in the first and second peaks, so it was not possible to compare life expectancy levels during the three peaks, so it is recommended in future research. This comparison should be done. Therefore, these estimates can be considered conservative.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • life expectancy
  • corona virus
  • Phobia
  • Fear
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