تدوین مدل بهزیستی روانشناختی بر اساس سرمایه روانشناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران. مشاور. اداره آموزش و پرورش استان تهران. ایران

2 دانشیار؛عضو هیأت علمی پژوهشکده تحقیق و توسعه علوم انسانی، سازمان سمت

3 استادیار؛ عضو هیات علمی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، فیروزکوه، ایران.

4 دانشیار؛گروه روانشناسی، عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه جامع امام حسین(ع).تهران. ایران.

چکیده

زمینه: ارتقاء بهزیستی روانشناختی یکی از وظایف مهم مسئولین نظام آموزشی و تربیتی است و یکی از مفاهیم تاثیرگذار در این زمینه سرمایه روانشناختی است. هدف :هدف پژوهش حاضر تدوین مدل بهزیستی روانشناختی بر اساس سرمایه روانشناختی بود. روش: پژوهش از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی و روش مدلیابی معادلات ساختاری بود. جامعه آماری کلیه کارکنان آموزش و پرورش شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی1398-1397بود . نمونه پژوهش610 نفر بودند که با روش تحلیل رگرسیون چند متغیری در مدلیابی معادلات ساختاری انتخاب شدند. ابزار: ابزارهای پژوهش حاضر عبارتند از: پرسشنامه بهزیستی روانشناختی ریف و کیز(1995)، مقیاس سرمایه روانشناختی لوتانز و آولیو(2007) . برای تجزیه‌ و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری و نرم افزار Amos استفاده گردید. یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد شاخصهای برازش مدل پژوهش موردقبول بودند و مدل پیشنهادی تحقیق از برازش مطلوبی برخوردار است. نتیجه گیری: یافته‌ها نشان داد سرمایه روانشناختی، توانایی پیش‌بینی بهزیستی روانشناختی را داشت. بنابراین می‌‌توان با برنامه‌ریزی‌های صحیح در راستای تقویت سرمایه روانشناختی، سطح بهزیستی روانشناختی افراد را ارتقا داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a model of Psychological Well – Being According to psychological capital

نویسندگان [English]

  • shiva Masoumparast 1
  • Mahdi Zare Bahramabadi 2
  • Fatemeh Khoeini 3
  • Hojjatollah Moradi 4
1 Department of psychology, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Consultant, Tehran Education Department, Iran
2 Associate Professor; Faculty Member of Institute for Research & Development in the Humanities, SAMT, Tehran,Iran.
3 Assistant Professor; Faculty Member of Firoozkooh Islamic Azad University, Firoozkooh, Iran.
4 Associate Professor; Department of Psychology, Imam Hossein(a.s.)Comprehensive University,Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background:Promoting psychological well-being is one of the important tasks of the officials of the educational system and one of the influential concepts in this field is psychological capital. Aim: The present study aimed to design a model of psychological well -being according to psychological capital.
Objective:The purpose of present research was to investigate the prediction of psychological well-being model based on the psychological capital .
Method: Descriptive mythology with descriptive-correlational type and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used in this research. Statistical population consisted of all education employees in Tehran working in the academic years of 2018-2019 . The sample consisted of 610 people were selected through multivariate regression analysis in SEM.
Tools: The present research instruments are: Psychological Wellbeing Questionnaire of Ryff & Keyes (1995), Psychological Capital Scale of Luthans and Avolio (2007). Data analysis was done using SEM and Amos Software.
Findings: The obtained results showed that the research model fit indicators were reliable and the proposed model had an optimal fit.
Conclusion: Results showed that psychological capital could predict psychological well-being. So it can be with the right plans for strengthen psychological capital, upgraded the level of psychological well-being of people.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Well-Being
  • structural equation modeling
  • psychological capital
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