نقش و کارکرد رسانه ها در تعلیم و تربیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسنده

دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اراک

چکیده

در جامعه امروز رسانه ها با انتقال اطلاعات و مبادله افکار عمومی نقش هایی را به عهده گرفته اند. این مقاله با هدف تعیین نقش و جایگاه رسانه ها در تعلیم و تربیت در سه حیطه آموزشی، سیاسی، اجتماعی انجام گرفت"هارولد لاسول" و "چالرز رایت" از جمله پژوهشگرانی اند که به طور جدی با نقش و کارکرد رسانه ها در جامعه توجه کرده اند.آن ها معتقدند که رسانه ها دارای کارکردهای نظارت بر محیط، ایجاد همبستگی اجتماعی در واکنش به محیط، و انتقال میراث فرهنگی و سرگرمی و پرکردن اوقات فراغت هستند.رایت با اضافه نمودن نقش سرگرمی بر نقش های اشاره شده به وسیله لاسول همچنان به نقش نظارتی رسانه ها اهمیت داده است. "شرام" نیز با بیان نقش های معلم و راهنما به نقش نگهبانی رسانه اشاره کرده است. "کلوس" نیز از نقش نظارتی رسانه ها به عنوان یکی از وظایف اجتماعی آن ها یاد می کند.
اﯾﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ از ﻧﻮع ﺗﻮﺻﯿﻔﯽ- ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻠﯽ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﮐﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧـﻪ ای اﺳـﺖ، روش مورد استفاده زمینه یابی است.
یافته ها حاکی از اهمیت نقش رسانه ها در تعلیم و تربیت می باشد و نتایج نشان می دهد رسانه ها، نقش آموزشی ،سیاسی و اجتماعی مهم و انکارناپذیری در تعلیم و تربیت دارند.رسانه ها در جبران عقب ماندگی های درسی به عنوان مکمل آموزش رسمی، تقویت و تضعیف ارزش ها و هنجارها، آموزش زیستن افراد کنار یکدیگر، عبور از بحران های سیاسی، تشویق مردم به مشارکت سیاسی و کمک در مواقع بحرانی و ...نقش بسیار مهمی دارند

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role and function of media in education

نویسنده [English]

  • saeedeh ghasemi
چکیده [English]

.In today's society, the media has taken on roles by transmitting information and exchanging public opinion.
This article was conducted with the aim of determining the role and position of the media in education in three areas: educational, political and social. Harold Laswell and Challers Wright are among the researchers who have paid close attention to the role and function of the media in society. And they are the transmission of cultural heritage and entertainment and filling leisure time. By adding the role of entertainment to the roles mentioned by Laswell, Rite continues to emphasize the role of media monitoring. "Sharam" also mentioned the role of the media guard by expressing the roles of teacher and guide. Kloos also cites the media's oversight role as one of their social tasks
The findings highlight the importance of the role of the media in education and the results show that the media has an important educational, political and social role and undeniable in education. Media in compensating for academic retardation as a supplement to formal education, Strengthening and weakening values and norms, teaching people to live together, overcoming political crises, encouraging people to participate in politics and helping in times of crisis, etc. play a very important role.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Media
  • Education
  • Educational Function
  • Political function
  • social function
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