بررسی تأثیر بازآموزی اسنادی بر سبک اسناد و عملکرد حل مساله در زنان کارمند متأهل شهر کازرون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

زهرامنصورزاده،کارشناسی ارشد،مشاوره خانواده،دانشگاه شهیدچمران اهواز،اهواز،ایران

چکیده

چکیده
هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر بازآموزی اسنادی بر سبک اسناد و عملکرد حل مساله در زنان کارمندمتاهل شهر کازرون اجرا شد.
روش: جامعه آماری این پژوهش را زنان کارمندمتاهل شهر کازرون تشکیل می‌دهد. تعداد آزمودنی‌ها در این پژوهش 30 نفر کارمند زن متأهل بودند که به روش در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای اندازه گیری متغیرهای پژوهش از پرسشنامه حل مساله هپنر و پترسون (PSI) و پرسشنامه‌ی سبک‌های اسنادی سلیگمن (ASQ) استفاده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روشهای آماری تحلیل کوواریانس (ANCOVA) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد متغیر سبک اسناد و مؤلفه‌های آن یعنی مکان علت (درونی-بیرونی)، ثبات (پایداری-ناپایداری) و عمومیت (کلی-جزئی) قابلیت تغییر دارند و بوسیله ی بازآموزی اسنادی سبک اسناد مثبت ترکیبی افزایش و سبک اسناد منفی ترکیبی کاهش یافته است؛ همچنین باز آموزی اسنادی بر عملکرد حل مسئله( کنترل شخصی در حل مسئله، اعتماد به حل مسئله و سبک گرایش-اجتناب )نیز تأثیر مثبت معنادار دارد.
نتیجه گیری: از آنجایی که سبک‌های اسنادی بر مهارت حل مساله و به تبع آن بر کیفیت زندگی افراد تأثیر دارد، مشاوران و درمانگران با شناسایی افراد دارای سبک اسناد ناکارآمد و ناسازگار و بازآموزی اسنادی در آنها، به ایجاد سبک‌های اسنادی سازگارانه کارآمد پرداخته و عملکرد حل مساله آن‌ها را بهبود ببخشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of attributional retraining on attribution style and problem-solving skills in employee Married Women in Kazerun

نویسنده [English]

  • zahra mansourzade
Zahramansourzadeh, M.Sc., Family Counseling, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of of attributional retraining on attribution style and problem-solving performance in married female employees in Kazerun.
Method: The statistical population of this study consists of married female employees in Kazerun. The number of subjects in this study was 30 married female employees who were selected by available methods. The Hepner-Peterson Problem Solving Questionnaire (PSI) and the Seligman Attribution Styles Questionnaire (ASQ) were used to measure the research variables. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of data analysis showed that the variable of attribution style and its components, controllability (internal-external), stability (stability-instability) and generality (general-partial) can be changed and increased by positive retraining of attribution. And the style of mixed negative attribution has decreased; attribution retraining also has a significant positive effect on problem-solving performance (personal control, self-confidence in problem solving, and tendency-avoidance style).
Conclusion: Since attributional styles affect problem solving skills and consequently the quality of life of individuals, counselors and therapists by identifying people with inefficient and incompatible attributional styles and retraining attributions in them, create effective adaptive attributional styles and performance and Improve problem solving.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attributional Retraining
  • Attribution Style
  • problem solving skills.employee Married Women
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