بررسی رابطه ی بین سبک های اسنادی با رضایت زناشویی در بین دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه شهیدچمران و دانشگاه جندی شاپور اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

زهرامنصورزاده،کارشناسی ارشد،مشاوره خانواده،دانشگاه شهیدچمران اهواز،اهواز،ایران

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه ی سبک‌های اسنادی با رضایت زناشویی در بین دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه شهیدچمران و دانشگاه جندی شاپور اهواز اجرا شد.
روش: جامعه آماری این پژوهش را دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه شهیدچمران و دانشگاه جندی شاپور اهواز تشکیل می‌دهد. تعداد آزمودنی‌ها در این پژوهش200 نفر دانشجوی دختر متاهل بودند که به روش در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای اندازه گیری متغیرهای پژوهش از پرسشنامه سبکهای اسنادی سلیگمن و رضایت زناشویی کانزاس استفاده شد.برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از روشهای آماری همبستگی و رگرسیون استفاده شد.
یافته ها: نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها نشان داد بین سبک اسنادمثبت و منفی ترکیبی(خوشبینی-بدبینی) و رضایت زناشویی رابطه ی معناداروجود دارد.بین سبک اسناد درونی – بیرونی؛پایدار-ناپایدار برای موقعیت خوب و رضایت زناشویی رابطه ی معنادار وجود دارد ؛اما رابطه ی معناداری بین سبک اسناد کلی-جزئی در موقعیت خوب و رضایت زناشویی مشاهده نشد؛ همچنین بین سبک اسنادکلی-جرئی برای موقعیت بد و رضایت زناشویی رابطه ی معنادار وجود ندارد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد سبک های اسنادی می توانند44درصد رضایت زناشویی را پیش بینی کنند.
نتایج پژوهش فعلی اهمیت توجه به سبک‌های اسنادی زوجین را به درمانگران و مشاوران به منظور افزایش رضایت زناشویی نشان میدهد .

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship between Attributional Styles with Marital Satisfaction among Married Students of Shahid Chamran University and Ahvaz Jundishapur University

نویسنده [English]

  • zahra mansourzade
Zahramansourzadeh, M.Sc., Family Counseling, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between attributional styles and marital satisfaction among married students of Shahid Chamran University and Ahvaz Jundishapur University.
Method: The statistical population of this study consists of married students of Shahid Chamran University and Ahvaz Jundishapur University. The number of subjects in this study was 200 married female students who were selected by available methods. The Seligman Attribution Styles Questionnaire and Kansas Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to measure the research variables. Correlation and regression statistical methods were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results of data analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between positive and negative attribution style (optimism-pessimism) and marital satisfaction. There is a significant relationship between internal-external; stable-unstable attribution style for good position and marital satisfaction; There was no significant difference between general and partial attribution style in good situation and marital satisfaction; Also, there is no significant relationship between general and minor attribution style for bad situation and marital satisfaction. The results of regression analysis showed that attributional styles can predict 44% of marital satisfaction.
The results of the current study show the importance of paying attention to couples' attributional styles to therapists and counselors in order to increase marital satisfaction

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital satisfaction
  • Attributional styles
  • Married students
[1] Nouranipour R, Besharat MA, Yousefi E. The relationship between knowledge and sexual attitude with marital satisfaction in couples living in the Young Researchers Complex of Shahid Beheshti University. Consulting News and Research 2007;(24). [Persian]
[2] Janetius T. Marriage and marital adjustment. Available online. at:www. homestead.com/ Psycho – religion / files / adjustment, 2004
[3] Sanaei B.  Marriage, Motivations, Abysses and Its Health. Journal of Educational Research, Institute for Educational Research, 1999; 4(3): 4. [Persian]
[4] Olson DH, Olson AK. PREPARE/ENRICH program: version 2000. Preventive approaches in couples therapy, 1999;196-216.
[5] Nichols MP. Concurrent discriminant validity of the Kansas marital satisfaction scale. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 2005;48(2): 381387
[6] Ahmadi KH. Investigating the effective factors on marital incompatibility and comparing the intervention method of lifestyle change and solving family problems in reducing marital incompatibility. PhD Thesis in Counseling, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran. (1382). [Persian]
[7] Ross L, Lepper MR, Hubbard M. Perseverance in self-perception and social perception: biased attributional processes in the debriefing paradigm. Journal of personality and social psychology, 1975; 32(5): 880.‏
[8] Taghipour  A.  Investigating the effect of attributional retraining on attributional style of performance self-esteem and endurance after failure in a football skill test. Master Thesis, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry. (1378). [Persian]
[9] Fincham FD, Bradbury TN. Assessing attributions in marriage: the relationship attribution measure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1992; 62(3): 457.‏
[10] Karney  BR, Bardbury TN. Neuroticism, marital interaction and the trajectory of marital satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1997; 2: 1075-1092
[11] Holtzworth-Munroe A, Jacobson NS. Causal attributions of married couples: When do they search for causes? What do they conclude when they do?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985; 48(6):1398.
[12] Schumm WR, Paff-Bergen LA, Hatch RC, Obiorah FC, Copeland JM, Meens LD, Bugaighis MA. 1986. Concurrent and discriminant validity of the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 381-387
[13] Peterson C, Semmel A, Von Baeyer C, Abramson LY, Metalsky GI, Seligman ME. The attributional style questionnaire. Cognitive therapy and research, 1982; 6(3): 287-299.‏
[14] Assad KK, Donnellan MB, Conger RD. Optimism: An enduring resource for romantic relationships. Journal of personality and social psychology, 2007; 93(2): 285.
[15] Srivastava S, Angelo KM. Optimism, effects on relationships. Encyclopedia of human relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 10(9781412958479), n383.‏ 2009.
[16] Spotts EL, Lichtenstein P, Pedersen N, Neiderhiser JM, Hansson K, Cederblad M, Reiss D. Personality and marital satisfaction: A behavioural genetic analysis. European Journal of Personality, 2005; 19(3): 205-227.‏
[17] Suchet M, Barling J. Employed mothers: Interrole conflict, spouse support and marital functioning. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 1986; 7(3):167-178.‏
[18] Sayadpour Z. Successful Marriage: A Survey of Marriage Satisfaction in Students, Quarterly Journal of Developmental Psychology (Iranian Psychologists), 1383; (2) 1: 157-145. [Persian]
[19] Chang EC, Sanna LJ. Optimism, pessimism, and positive and negative affectivity in middle-aged adults: A test of a cognitive-affective model of psychological adjustment. Psychology and aging,  2001; 16(3): 524.‏
[20] Fisher TD, McNulty JK. Neuroticism and marital satisfaction: The mediating role played by the sexual relationship. Journal of family psychology, 2008; 22(1): 112.‏