مطالعه ی مروری الگوی شادمانی از منظر آموزه های دین مبین اسلام و رویکردهای روانشناسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسنده

کارشناس یارشد، مشاوره ی خانواده، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

امروزه شادی به عنوان یک معیار اصلی در تشخیص سلامت روانی محسوب می‌شودشادی و نشاط از مهمترین نیازهای روانی بشر و نیز عاملی برای رشد و موفقیت است و به دلیل تأثیرات عمده ای که بر زندگی افراد دارد، همواره مورد توجه بوده است.آدمی از دیرباز به دنبال این بوده که چگونه می تواند بهتر زندگی کند، چه چیزی بیشتر رضایتش را فراهم میکند و با چه سازوکارهایی می تواند از زندگی در این دنیا لذت ببرد(دیکی ، 1999).
علوم روانشناختی به عنوان یکی از شاخه های اصلی علوم انسانی در صورتی می تواند کارآیی خود را نشان دهد که بتواند با نظریه های فرهنگی و بومی به سوالات اساسی در رابطه با مسائل روانی مردم کشورمان پاسخ گوید و در رشد و ارتقای فرهنگی، معنوی و روانی مردم این مرزو بوم کارا و موثر باشد. مسائل روانشناختی مردم جدا از مسائل فرهنگی، وضعیت اقتصادی سیاسی، باورهای مذهبی آنان نمی‌تواند، مطالعه شود . با توجه به اینکه بومی سازی علوم روانشناختی و رفتاری یکی از اصول مهم در حوزه ی علم و دانش است ، تدوین گر این مقاله در صدد است تا مبانی و اصول نشاط و شادمانی را در آموزه های دین مبین اسلام را مرور کرده و خلاصه ای از آن را به رشته ی تحریر در آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A study of the review of the pattern of happiness in the teachings of the religion of Islam and psychological approaches

نویسنده [English]

  • masud karimi vardanjani
Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz,
چکیده [English]

Happiness is now considered a key criterion for diagnosing mental health. Happiness is one of the most important psychological needs of human beings, as well as a factor for growth and success, and has always been considered due to its major impact on people's lives. He sought to see how he could live better, what would satisfy him most, and with what mechanisms he could enjoy life in this world (Dickey, 1999).
Psychological sciences, as one of the main branches of humanities, can be effective if it can answer the basic questions related to the psychological issues of the people of our country with cultural and indigenous theories and in cultural, spiritual and psychological development. The people of this region are efficient and effective. The psychological problems of the people cannot be studied apart from the cultural issues, the economic and political situation, their religious beliefs. Given that the localization of psychological and behavioral sciences is one of the important principles in the field of science and knowledge, the author of this article wants to review the basics of happiness in the teachings of Islam and psychological approaches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • The pattern of happiness
  • the religion of Islam
  • the psychological approaches
[1] Khodaee Z. God, how can I be happy? Qom, Ghalam Zanan Publications, 8th edition, 2011.
[2] Seligman, Martin. Inner happiness. Translation: Mustafa Tabrizi, Ramin Karimi, Ali Niloufari. Tehran, Danjeh Publishing, First Edition, 2006
[3] Dickey MT, The persuit of Happiness, http://www. Dickey.Org / happy. htm. 1999.
[4] Mohammadi Reyshahri M, Eslami H, Taqdiri M. Research Center of Dar al-Hadith Dosti in the Quran and Hadith. 2008.
[5] Dehkhoda AA. Dictionary. (13).
[6] Eysenck M. Happiness Psychology, (translated by Khashayar Beigi and Mehrdad Firoozbakht., Badr Research and Publishing Office, Tehran, 1996;1:42 - 172.
[7] Berne E. Games people play: The basic handbook of transactional analysis. E. Berne.–New York: Ballantine Books.‏ 1971.
[8] Maslow A. Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row.  Max-Neef, M., (1995). Economic growth and quality of life —a threshold  hypothesis. Ecologcal Economics. 1970;15:115-118.
[9] Golzari M, Veysarbi SY, Sadeghi Jahanban M. Religion The Origins of Sustainable Happiness Conversation with Mr. Mahmoud Golzari, Seyyed Yahya Yathribi, Mahmoud Sadeghi Janbehan, Women's Book, 2008;(13).
[10] Veenhoven R. The utility of happiness. Social indicators research, 1988;20(4): 333-354.‏
[11] Osgood CE. Exploring in semantic space: A personal diary. Journal of social Issues, 1971; 27, 5-64.
[12] Eysenck HJ, Eysenck MW. Happiness: Facts and myths. Psychology Press.‏ 1994.
[13] Myers DG. The Friends and Faith of Happy people American Psychologist, 2000; 55(1):56-57.
[14] Tarighedar A. "The Effects of Happiness in Culture and Sharia", Hadith Zandegi Magazine, 2000;2.
[15] Fordyce MW. Educating for happiness, Ravue Quebecoise De psychology, 1997;  2(18).
[16] Weiner B. An attribution theory of achievement  motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 1985; 92 (4):548-573.
[17] Argyle M. Causes and correlates of happiness. In D.Kahenman   E.  Diener  &  N. Schwarz Well(Eds.), The foundation of hedonic psychology (pp. 353-373). New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 2001 b.
[18] Diener E, Suh EM, Lucas RE, smith HL. Subjective well – being three decades of well – being. Psychological Bulletin, 1999; 125(2): 276-302
[19] Argyle M, Martin M, Lu L. Testing for stress and happiness: The role of social and cognotive factors. In C. D. Spilberger &  I. Sarason(Eds.), Stress and emotion(pp.173-187).Washington:Taylor. 1995.
[20] Costa PR, MacCrae Norris A. Personal adjustment to aging: Longitudinal prediction from neuroticism and extraversion. Journal of Gerontology, 1987;3, 78-85.
[21] Francis LJ. Happiness is a thing called extraversion. Personality and Individual Differences, 1999; 26, 11.
[22] Wart PJ. What determines happiness http: // Vanderbilt owc. Well source. Com Idh/ content – print. Asp? ID=290. 2001.
[23] Wilson W. Correlates of avowed happiness. Psychologcal Bulletin, 1967; 67: 294-306.
[24] Richards P, Bah K, Vincent J. Social capital and survival: prospects for community driven development in post-confict Sierra Leone. World Bank, Social development Department.‏ 2004; (12).
[25] Mirshah Jafari E. "Happiness and Factors Affecting It", Journal of advanced Cognitive Sciences, 2002; 4(3):45.
[26] Bandura A. Self – efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 1977;84: 191-215.
[27] Merriam AP. Exploring psychology (3rd ed.), New York: Worth publishers. 1964.
[28] Biddle S, Mutrie N. Psychology of physical activity and exercise. London: Springer – Verlage. 1996.
[29] Csikszentmihalyi M. Finding flow: The psychology of a engagment with everyday life. New York:Basic Books. 1997.
[30] Blanchflower DG. Fear. Unemployment and pay Flexibility. Economic Journal, 1991; 101(406): 483-469.
[31] Salovey P, Rothman AJ, Detweler J, Develer JB, Steward WT. Emotional states and physical health. American Psychologist, 2000; 55(1):110-121.
[32] Seligman M, Happiness PA. Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment.‏ 2002.
[33] Azhar MZ, Varma SL, Dharap AS. Religious psychotherapy in anxiety disorder patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 1994; 90(1): 1-3.‏
[34] parcham A,  ghoveoud M. Mental Health from the Perspective of the School of Islam and Psychology, Minhaj, 2010; 11(6): 77-49.