مقایسه رفتارهای یادگیری، جو روانی اجتماعی کلاس و ادراک رفتار والدین در دانش آموزان با وجدان تحصیلی بالا و پایین دانش آموزان دختر مقطع متوسطه منطقه ۵ شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف مقایسه رفتارهای یادگیری، جو روانی اجتماعی کلاس و ادراک رفتار والدین در دانش آموزان با وجدان تحصیلی بالا و پایین صورت گرفت. روش پژوهش داده ها از نوع علی-مقایسه ای بود. جامعه ی آماری پژوهش کلیه دانش آموزان دختر در بالای ۱۶ سال مقطع متوسطه منطقه ۵ شهر تهران در سال ۱۳۹۵ بود. نمونه آماری شامل ۸۰ نفر که دانش آموزان وجدان تحصیلی بالا (۴۰ نفر) و دانش آموزان وجدان تحصیلی پایین (۴۰ نفر) بودند که بر اساس نمونه گیری خوشه ای چند مرحله ای انتخاب گردیدند. ابزار اندازه گیری پژوهش پرسشنامه های رفتارهای یادگیری مک درموت (۱۹۹۹)، جو روانی اجتماعی فریزر و همکاران (۱۹۹۵)، ادراک رفتار والدین پارکر و همکاران (۱۹۷۹) و وجدان تحصیلی مک ایلروی و بانتینگ (۲۰۰۲) بود. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات به دست آمده از اجرای پرسشنامه ها از طریق نرم افزار spss19 در دو در بخش توصیفی و استنباطی (تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری (مانوا)) انجام پذیرفت. یافته ها نشان دادند که بین میانگین رفتارهای یادگیری و مولفه های آن "انگیزه شایستگی"، "نگرش نسبت به یادگیری"، "توجه  و پشتکار" و "راهبرد انعطاف پذیر" در دانش آموزان دارای وجدان تحصیلی بالا و پایین تفاوت وجود دارد بود. و بین میانگین جو روانی اجتماعی کلاس و مولفه های آن "اصطکاک"، "همبستگی"، "انضباط"، "رقابت" در دانش آموزان دارای وجدان تحصیلی بالا و پایین تفاوت وجود دارد. همچنین بین ادراک رفتار والدین و مولفه های آن "مراقبت"، "حمایت کننده در دانش آموزان دارای وجدان تحصیلی بالا و پایین تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. لذا این نتایج، تلویحات مهمی در زمینه برنامه ریزی، آموزش و ارتقای بهداشت روانی دانش آموزان دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Learning Behaviors, Classroom Psychosocial Climate and Parental Behavior Perception in High and Low School Conscientious Students

نویسنده [English]

  • neda soldozi
Master of Educational Psychology
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted with aims of representing The comparison of Learning behaviors, Classroom Psycho-social Environment and parental behavior Perceived in Students with high and low academic conscience. The research method in this study was causal-comparative. The statistical population consisted of all Male students over 16 years High school District 5 in Tehran in 1395. The population of research was including 80 People That Students of high academic conscience (40 People) and Students with low academic conscience (40 People) that According to were chosen Multistage cluster sampling Data collection was Learning behaviors McDermott (1999), Psycho-social climate Frayzer et al (1995), Perceived parental behavior Parker et al (1979) and academic conscience Mac Aylrevi and Bunting (2002) standard questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out through SPSS19 software in two aspects of descriptive and inferential (Manova). The results showed that Between Average the behaviors of learning and its components, "Competence motivation", "Attitude toward learning", "Note/perseverance" and "Strategy/flexible" Students with high and low academic conscience There is a significant difference. that Between Average the Classroom Psychosocial Environment and its components," Friction", "Correlation", "Discipline", "Competition", Students with high and low academic conscience There is a significant difference. Also Between Average the parental behavior Perceived and its components, "taking care", "Supporter", Students with high and low academic conscience There is a significant difference. Therefore, these results have, Important implications In the field of planning, Education and mental health Enhance of students

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Learning Behaviors
  • Classroom Psycho-social Environment
  • parental behavior Perceived
  • academic conscience
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